Glaucomatous Optic NerveGlaucomatous Optic Nerve
Macular DegenerationMacular Degeneration
Cataract (darkened area in center of eye)Cataract (darkened area in center of eye)
Appearance of the Retina After Laser Treatment for DiabetesAppearance of the Retina After Laser Treatment for Diabetes

Diagnosis of Systemic and Eye Diseases

  • It is a common phrase that “the eyes are the windows to the soul.”
  • OPTOMAP
    • Dr. Cohen offers the Optomap as an important part of our eye exams.  The Optomap produces an image that is unique and provides Dr. Cohen with a high-resolution 200° image in order to ascertain the health of your retina.  This is much wider than a traditional 45° image.  Many eye problems can develop without you knowing, in fact, you may not even notice any change in your sight – fortunately, diseases or damage such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, retinal tears or detachments, and other health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure can be seen with a thorough exam of the retina.

The inclusion of Optomap as part of a comprehensive eye exam provides:

  • An image to show a healthy eye or detect disease.
  • A view of the retina, giving Dr. Cohen a more comprehensive view than he can get by other means.
  • The opportunity for you to view and discuss the Optomap image of your eye with Dr. Cohen at the time of your exam.
  • A permanent record for your file, which allows Dr. Cohen to view your images each year to look for changes.

The Optomap is fast, easy, and comfortable for anyone.  The entire image process consists of you looking into the device one eye at a time. The Optomap images are shown immediately on a computer screen so we can review it with you.

  • It is also true that “the eyes are the windows to your health.”
    • More health issues can be identified or diagnosed through our eyes than any other part of our body.  These could include:
      • Diabetes
      • Hardening of the arteries
      • Hypertension
      • Brain Tumors
  • A comprehensive eye exam offers more than a goal to improve vision.  In addition to checking for eye diseases like Macular Degeneration and Glaucoma (one of the leading causes of preventable blindness worldwide), an eye exam can identify signs of problems going on in other parts of the body.
  • It is estimated than less than half of people with diabetes (another leading cause of blindness) have annual eye exams. 
  • Often, signs showing up in ones eyes will precede other symptoms.  This allows us to consult with your primary care physician, or to refer to other medical specialists before serious complications set in.
  • There are now some exciting options for people who have experienced vision loss due to stroke.  Dr. Cohen has worked closely with a Harvard University optometrist who developed a special lens that literally moves images to an area of the retina that remained undamaged from the stroke.  Dr. Cohen is one of the only doctors in Arizona who is providing this service to patients.
  • One of the most common maladies we experience is often also one of the most difficult to understand: HEADACHES.
    • While most headaches are not related directly to our eyes, there are patterns that can be due to our eyes
      • Typically dull, throbbing headaches in our forehead or temple area, usually later in the day
      • Headaches related to glaucoma are extremely rare.
    • Migraine sufferers often experience visual disturbances before the onset of the headache, and some people will experience these without the subsequent headache.
    • For people who suffer from migraines, it can be worthwhile to check your peripheral vision (“visual fields testing”), as some migraine sufferers will experience a constriction of their peripheral vision (which can affect the ability to safely drive).


With the ability of our eyes to tell us so much more than just what we can see, there is really no such thing as a “routine eye exam.”  Get your eyes examined regularly and stay healthy!